Texas Chili Means NO BEANS

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Real Texas chili is good by itself or on almost anything–like enchiladas

Chili is a highly personal food. Much like the variety of preferences in Thanksgiving stuffing, every Texan has their own idea of what makes Texas chili authentic. They agree on almost nothing: ground beef or cubed, spicy or mild, tomato or no tomato, beer or no beer, and especially the chilies. Two or three Shiner Bocks into any night in Texas, and you might find yourself in a heated debate on what makes it real Texas Red. Texans agree on only one thing about their chili–NO BEANS!

I can’t possibly discuss chili without telling you about Robb Walsh’s The Tex-Mex Cookbook: A History in Recipes and Photos published by Ten Speed Press. This book is a goldmine of information on the history of Tex-Mex cuisine. There is a whole chapter dedicated to chili, and no less than nine historical recipes for the real stuff. Each recipe is decidedly different which proves that a single recipe for real Texas chili is more of a myth and a taste memory than something that exists. In it’s simplest form, chili con carne is a beef stew made from cubed beef or ground beef which is cooked with chilies and cumin. From there on the gloves come off and the differences come out.

There are only about three rules to making real Texas Red, and except the no-beans rule, even these are not set in stone. First rule: no beans (have I mentioned that yet?). Second, use lots of cumin; how much is up for debate, but it better be in there. Third, use more than one type of chili. Ideally these should be real dried chilies, not chili powder. The third one is the one that catches me up because I don’t have any whole dried chilies. They are pretty expensive around here, and I just don’t need them very often. I should probably keep a stock of Ancho chilies around since they are mild and can be used in almost anything, but I don’t. I have twins (my current excuse for anything I’m just too lazy to deal with).

There are other rules that are up for debate. While many people say that real Texas chili is tomato free, most of the chili I had in Texas did, in fact, contain tomatoes. However, they aren’t necessary, and I like the rich, almost chocolaty flavor that a tomato-less chili offers. Another rule that sparks heated chili debates is whether the chili should be made with ground beef or cubed beef. I like both. Ground beef is most common, even in Texas, but there’s something special about a chili made with chunks of chuck that are cooked till super tender then “shredded” into a bowl of falling apart, chili heaven.

Anyone not from Texas is sure to think the whole no-beans thing is a bit silly and not really that important, but its oh-so-important to us. So why no beans? Robb Walsh provides the best answer:

In most of the rest of the country, chili has one purpose – it is a hearty one-dish meal. But in Texas, chili has a wide variety of uses. It can be used straight or diluted as a sauce. It’s a popular topping for tamales, to make it into a meal, you combine it with beans, tamales, tortillas, enchiladas, scrambled eggs, or any number of other things. Texans don’t have anything against eating beans with their chili. They just have a lot of other ways to eat it.”

He’s right on too. Growing up in Texas, chili was on top of everything. The snack-bar at my high-school served chili (and neon-orange cheese goo) on top of nachos, burritos, french fries and even baked potatoes (I’m probably forgetting something). Restaurants topped enchiladas, burritos and chimichangas with chili (oh, I miss you Chuy’s). Even the IHOP where I waited tables served chili topped omelets. Chili is to Tex-Mex what Parmesan cheese is to Italian-American food; its on top of everything.

My chili recipe is a blend of several recipes from The Tex-Mex Cookbook, as well as a few of my own touches. It’s true Texas Red flavor, made more accessible for my Yankee family kitchen. I’ve found that using a blend of Ancho chili powder and hot paprika offers an authentic flavor, yet with a still manageable heat level. Paprika is anything but a dominant ingredient in most Texas chili, but the flavor is rich and full bodied and the heat is just on the cool side of hot. If you want something even milder, then you can substitute out the hot paprika for sweet paprika. If you want something hotter change out the hot paprika for Arbol or Chipotle chili peppers. Whatever you use, you will like the result. This recipe is simple: nothing too fancy or complex, but it’s true Texas flavor and NO BEANS! Enjoy!

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Chili Con Carne (Texas Red)
Serves 6
This is a milder version of an authentic style Texas chili. Containing no tomatoes, it's a versatile sauce that can top anything from Fritos to cheese enchiladas, or it can be served up in a bowl with a sprinkle of onion and and handful of shredded cheese on top. If you cannot find hot paprika (I buy mine from Penzey's), you can use sweet paprika and add a pinch of cayanne (to taste).
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380 calories
8 g
150 g
16 g
53 g
5 g
313 g
1504 g
1 g
1 g
11 g
Nutrition Facts
Serving Size
313g
Servings
6
Amount Per Serving
Calories 380
Calories from Fat 139
% Daily Value *
Total Fat 16g
24%
Saturated Fat 5g
26%
Trans Fat 1g
Polyunsaturated Fat 2g
Monounsaturated Fat 9g
Cholesterol 150mg
50%
Sodium 1504mg
63%
Total Carbohydrates 8g
3%
Dietary Fiber 2g
9%
Sugars 1g
Protein 53g
Vitamin A
38%
Vitamin C
7%
Calcium
6%
Iron
33%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
Ingredients
  1. 2 pounds stew meat cubed into 1/2 inch pieces and dried of any moisture (preferably chuck)
  2. 1 onion, finely chopped
  3. 4 cloves garlic, minced
  4. 2 tablespoons olive oil
  5. 2 tablespoons ground Ancho chili
  6. 2 tablespoon hot paprika
  7. 1 tablespoon ground cumin
  8. 1 tablespoon coarse black pepper
  9. 1 teaspoon dried oregano (Mexican if possible)
  10. 2 bay leaves
  11. 1 1/2 teaspoon salt
  12. 3 cups beef broth
  13. 2 tablespoons corn flour (masa harina)
Instructions
  1. Heat olive oil in a dutch oven over high heat. When the oil starts to shimmer add the beef and cook until any liquid has evaporated and the meat is browned on all sides, about 10 minutes. If the pan starts to smoke too much, turn down the heat a little. Add the onion and continue to cook until the onion is tender and starting to brown, about another 5 minutes.
  2. Add the garlic, chili powders, cumin, black pepper and salt. Stir until all the meat is covered in the spices and continue to cook for another minute. Add the bay leaves, oregano and broth. Stir to mix everything together. Bring to a simmer and reduce heat to low. Cover and cook until the meat is very tender and beginning to fall apart, about 1 1/2 to 2 hours.
  3. Using a potato masher or the back of a large spoon, break the meat up until most of it has fallen apart but there are a few chunks still visible. In a small bowl combine corn flour with 1/4 cup of cold water and stir until a thin paste forms. Pour the paste into the chili and stir until the corn flour mixture dissolves into the chili.
  4. Return to a simmer long enough for the corn flour to cook, about 10 minutes. Season to taste. Serve with chopped onion and cheese, or over enchiladas, corn chips, burritos or whatever you want!
Notes
  1. Beef tends to smoke when browning. Be sure to work in a well ventilated area or you may have smoke detectors screaming in your ears. I use an externally-vented hood as well as an open window whenever I am browning meat.
Adapted from The Tex Mex Cookbook by Robb Walsh
beta
calories
380
fat
16g
protein
53g
carbs
8g
more
Adapted from The Tex Mex Cookbook by Robb Walsh
Its Not Easy Eating Green http://www.itsnoteasyeatinggreen.com/
If you’re interested in Robb’s book, here’s a link to it…

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10 Responses to Texas Chili Means NO BEANS

  1. colleen says:

    Sounds delish!!! Will try this soon!!!

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  7. Wayne says:

    Born and raised texan…never heard of the no beans rule…always had bean in chili everywhere in texas…dont usually eat it without beans…

    • Rebecca says:

      Absolutely there are chili recipes in Texas that contain beans. I am sure than many native Texans enjoy beans in their chili every time they make it. However, my experience in the Houston area in the 15 years I lived there, at chili cook-offs and in my research suggests that the chili known as Texas chili does not typically have beans. The chili that is poured over almost everything as a condiment and sauce is a meat-only chili. Much like any dish, there are huge variations even in a single region. I would love to hear more about your chili and what you put in it.
      Check out this article from the Houston Press written by Robb Walsh. Mr. Walsh is an expert on Tex-Mex cuisine and foods of Texas. I used his book as reference when researching this Chili post.
      http://blogs.houstonpress.com/eating/2008/12/history_of_texas_chili–withou.php

  8. Jeff says:

    I tried the recipe, it turned out quite well- very delicious. There were a few areas of confusion, though. The recipe calls for garlic, but I didn’t see where to add it in the instructions. It calls for hot paprika– which I couldn’t seem to find in the grocery store. I used regular paprika. I wasn’t sure whether to trim excess fat off of the meat. I didn’t. It should be specified not to use extra-virgin olive oil or it will smoke and burn over that high heat. Actually, plain olive oil may do the same. I used grapeseed oil, and even that started to smoke a little more than I liked over the high heat. I had to turn the stove setting down a notch or so. I used chuck stew meat, which after simmering for an hour and a half, didn’t allow me to mash it into small pieces. The meat was still very tender, though. The chili had a very good flavor to it, and I would recommend this recipe to anyone.

    • Rebecca says:

      Thank you for the feedback. I’m glad you liked the chili. I’ve added the garlic to the instructions – thanks! As for the olive oil and the browning, I have left that in place. I have always used olive oil when browning meat, but I you should certainly use whatever you feel comfortable with.

      Your comment led me to research browning, caramelization and the smoke point of various oils. While extra virgin olive oil does smoke at a much lower point than the pure olive oil I cook with, it is still above the 330F needed to achieve the malliard effect or browning of the meat. Many people saute, brown and even fry with evoo with no problems at all. I’ve included some links below for reference. I find that beef smokes, regardless if I use a oil with a low or high smoke point – that it is the beef itself that smokes. I have adjusted the cooking temp from high to medium-high and I added a note about the smoke and the best way to vent.
      Cannot stress how much I appreciate your input and feedback. Bloggers live for comments, so thank you!
      Serious Eats article on Cooking Fats
      Olive Oil Source article on frying with olive oil

      Seasoned Advice q&a on Malliard browning and caramelization

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